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Water protection; Dechsendorf pond

Stand: 28.05.2024

The Dechsendorf pond (Großer Bischofsweiher) and the almost equally large Kleiner Bischofsweiher were created as carp ponds by the Bamberg bishops in the Middle Ages.

Due to the large water areas and the immediate surroundings, both ponds are of great importance for species and biotope protection, especially for waterfowl. The Dechsendorf ponds are a popular excursion destination for local recreationists due to their proximity and closeness to nature. The pond is used as a bathing pond; however, its use was restricted due to the algae problem.

The bathing ban is also publicized locally and by clearly visible signs or signs at the bathing area.

The field areas to the west of the ponds are part of the Franconian Sand Axis nature conservation project and the forest areas of the Markwald forest directly adjacent to the east are protected forest. The entire area is a landscape conservation area. The Dechsendorfer Weiher was previously crossed by the Röttenbach. This has now been created as a new Röttenbach over a length of 1.6 km from the intermediate dam inlet area to the tailwater of the Dechsendorfer Weiher. A near-natural watercourse is intended to improve the previously mediocre water structure and create new habitats for the ecological diversity of nature. The missing continuity of the Röttenbach was restored. In the new Röttenbach, nutrients, sediments and also fish from the catchment area of the Dechsendorfer pond can be diverted around it into the pond's tailwater. The pond is no longer in the main catchment but in the secondary catchment and can therefore be managed in terms of the quality and quantity of the inflowing water. The pond was returned to a plant-dominant state with the targeted planting of aquatic plants.

Total costs of 1,200,000 euros were estimated for the construction of the Röttenbach. The measure was funded 75% by the Free State of Bavaria.

Water ecology measures at Dechsendorfer Weiher can be found in the accompanying plan