The VEP 2030 highlights all mobility options in Erlangen - from car sharing to walking. For sustainable mobility, it is important to consider the different types of mobility besser interconnect and thus strengthen diversity. For this purpose, so-called mobility points are implemented in the city area. At these, all modes of transport will be offered and interlinked. This includes bicycle parking spaces, possibly a bicycle rental system, parking spaces for cars, public transport stops and car-sharing vehicles - and all of this accessible on foot from densely populated residential areas and the locations of major employers.
Public transport (ÖPNV)
Public transport in the city of Erlangen is in great need of expansion, especially for routes beyond the city limits. Making buses and trains more attractive can therefore provide very effective incentives to encourage commuters in particular to transfer. The VEP 2030 provides practical solutions for attracting more passengers to public transport. These include direct connections without transfers, a stronger orientation of bus lines at the locations of large companies and the university, as well as the Stadt-Umland-Bahn (StUB). The latter is intended to link Erlangen with Nuremberg in the south and Herzogenaurach in the west and, in the long term, with Eschenau in the east. In that the StUB is both a classic inner-city streetcar and a regional light rail system, as well as being connected to the road network by park-and-ride stations, it is a prime example of the symbiosis of different types of mobility.
Two freeways, a federal highway, and several state and county roads run through Erlangen. Who wants to reach a certain destination by car, often has several options for this. Negative consequences are a high proportion of motor vehicles in the total traffic as well as associated noise, exhaust fumes and an immense demand for space for driving and parking.
The VEP 2030 therefore aims to bundle motor vehicle traffic on suitable roads and at the same time to relieve the other roads of motor traffic through appropriate measures. To this end, a preferred network of first- and second-order roads has been developed. Incoming roads from important neighboring towns are also taken into account; this is because through traffic and interurban traffic in particular are to be concentrated on the preferred network.
In addition to the road networks, the vehicles themselves will change. To be prepared for more electric cars, the VEP 2030 provides for the expansion of public e-charging stations. Such charging columns for e-cars should also be located at mobility stations.
Traffic includes not only the flowing, but also the stationary. Parking cars, motorcycles, trucks and bicycles need, space and that is very scarce especially in the city center. In addition, the space for pedestrians can be narrowed if parts of the sidewalks are used for parking. This reduces both the quality of stay and traffic safety.
In order to develop a parking concept that is fit for the future, the most important goals were developed based on the current conditions and areas for action. Topics such as the reduction of sidewalk parking, the restructuring of the tariff systems or also the multiple use of parking spaces are to be successively addressed. The planned measures will result in the loss of parking spaces in the city center area, which is to be compensated for by suitable solutions. This includes, among other things, the promotion of Park&Ride and the Umweltverbund to reduce trips by private car in general.
The conditions for cycling in Erlangen are good: short distances, little gradient and a well-developed network of cycle paths. Therefore, Erlangen is already called a bicycle city. Nevertheless, the share of cyclists* in the total traffic can be further expanded. So that also those sit down more often on the wheel, which take at present rather the car, must become cycling in Erlangen simpler, faster, more comfortable and safer.
Therefore a large range of improvements was considered. Radschnellverbindungen, a densification of the cycle path network, cycle-friendly pavements, priority for cyclists*innen at important axes and the release of one-way streets in both directions, for example. But also mobile bicycle racks and more bicycle lean-tos. The goal of all this is to make cycling safer and more attractive. The bicycle traffic share is to increase significantly in the inland as well as in the total traffic until 2030.
A part of every journey is made on foot. The VEP 2030 wants to support this environmentally friendly, space-saving and also healthy form of mobility specifically - for example, with sufficiently wide and free sidewalks, the guidance of the most important footpaths through traffic-calmed areas and speed 30 zones, signposts also for pedestrians, better crossing possibilities and an increased quality of stay. Within the framework of the VEP 2030, corresponding quality standards for footpath connections were created, which will be taken into account in future planning.
In addition to promoting pedestrian traffic, its importance is to be demonstrated and pedestrian traffic is to be anchored as an independent mode of transport in the city administration, politics and the public.
Mobility management can be understood as mediation between the mobility offer and the transport demand or the mobility needs of the different target groups (citizens*, companies, etc.). Corresponding measures can be: communication, information, advice, motivation, education and training. The unifying goal here is to promote more sustainable mobility.
Through permanent and systematic mobility management, mobility behavior can be controlled in a targeted manner and around five percent of private motor vehicle traffic can be avoided or shifted. For this reason, corresponding projects are to be implemented in Erlangen. Mobility management offers should initially be directed at the target groups of new citizens, large companies, children and young people, and students.