The Electromobility Act (EmoG) introduced in 2015 gives municipalities the option of giving electric vehicles priority in road traffic. The city of Erlangen is therefore promoting the development of a public charging station network. Further measures for the preferential treatment of electric vehicles, such as the use of bus lanes, free parking, etc., are not planned in Erlangen.
Electromobility is currently a much-discussed technology that has once again gained relevance in recent months against the backdrop of the discussion about diesel scandals and driving bans in inner cities. In terms of transport policy, it fundamentally offers a number of advantages through the reduction of emissions (noise, CO2 emissions). The goal of the city of Erlangen is therefore to anchor electromobility more firmly in the city.
However, the possibilities of electromobility are not unlimited from a traffic planning and ecological point of view. While the promotion of electromobility can contribute to the reduction of noise and air pollutants in individual traffic, the land consumption (stationary and moving traffic) emanating from motorized individual traffic remains. Further, while electromobility is not primarily dependent on fossil fuels, it is more dependent on electricity and metals. Compared to other modes of transport, the CO2 footprint of electromobility is therefore still relatively large (production of vehicle and battery, operation, disposal) and the overall climate protection effect of strengthening cycling as well as public transport is significantly higher. The solution to Erlangen's traffic problems therefore does not lie primarily in promoting electromobility. Instead, the administration is focusing on promoting public transport, cycling and walking, particularly in the inner city area. Against this background, the city of Erlangen is working on and shaping electromobility in a differentiated and targeted manner in cooperation with the ESTW and third parties.
Electromobility Act (EmoG): https://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/emog/