Wichtiger Hinweis

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Recommendations for older people

Stand: 28.05.2024

Older and especially very old people have an increased risk of developing heat-related health problems. However, heat can also be dangerous for other risk groups, such as people with dementia, chronic illnesses or immobile people, including babies.

As a family caregiver, it is important for you to know how you can protect your loved ones and yourself from the heat. Here you will find tips on how you can help yourself with simple measures. Find out about upcoming heatwaves from the German Weather Service. Sign up for the newsletter to receive heat warnings or use an app that contains heat warnings.

When it's hot outside, keep your relative's home and your own cool by

  • cross-ventilating the home in the early hours of the morning
  • moving sleeping and living areas to cooler rooms in the home
  • shading the home with blinds or curtains
  • switching off heat-emitting appliances such as televisions, coffee machines or computers and keeping an eye on the room temperature
    and relative humidity (max. 24-28°C and 40-60% RH during the day; below 24°C at night)
  • use a fan to improve the draught. This is recommended up to 35°C
  • If possible, schedule visits to the doctor or other joint activities outside during the cooler hours of the day.
    It is coolest between 6:00 and 10:00 in the morning. Temperatures are highest at midday and in the afternoon.

When you leave your home, make sure that you and the person in need of care are wearing

  • wear light-colored, airy clothing and a sun hat with neck protection
  • have applied sun cream or sun lotion
  • stay in the shade and avoid direct sunlight
  • have enough to drink with you.

Implement preventive measures

Protect your relatives in need of care and yourself from overheating. You can get through the heat well by

  • Spreading water from a spray bottle on your arms, legs, face and neck
  • applying cool, moist compresses to the arms, legs, forehead or neck (e.g. peppermint compresses).
    Caution: The use of cold packs can cause cold damage to the skin
  • dress the person in need of care in light and airy clothing
  • use a breathable mattress and light bed linen
  • Increase the amount of fluids

Source: LMU

External link: With information in easy language and sign language

Read also:

Baby lies on the stomach

Recommendations for schools, daycare centers, parents

Babies and children are particularly vulnerable to heat and high UV radiation due to their delicate skin and lower sweat production. They also generate more metabolic heat during physical activity than adults, which promotes heat-related complaints. In addition, babies and small children cannot take any protective measures themselves. It is therefore all the more important that parents and guardians know how to protect their children:

Carpentry work.

Recommendations for companies, employees

Time and again, employees complain about high temperatures at their workplaces, especially during heatwaves in the summer months.

Office for Sport and Health Promotion

Head of office: Ulrich Klement


Fahrstraße 18
91054 Erlangen


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Montag: 09:30 - 15:00 Uhr
Dienstag: 09:30 - 15:00 Uhr
Donnerstag: 09:30 - 15:00 Uhr
Freitag: 09:30 - 12:00 Uhr